India Missile Technology Control Regime in 2022


India Missile Technology, India is known to be a nation that has advanced defence technology. In fact, it was the first country to have missiles and nuclear weapons. From ballistic missiles to anti-tank rocket launchers, India possesses a lot of defence technologies that make it the most powerful country in Asia. The list below will give you an idea about some of these sophisticated weapons systems developed by our Indian scientists:

Surya Missile

Surya is a short-range, surface-to-air missile developed by India. It has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

Surya has a range of 15 km and can carry only one warhead. The missile was the first to test fired in 2012 from a BMP-2 armoured vehicle along with another missile named Prithvi II (surface-to-air) which had been tested earlier. It was also used during operations against Pakistan in 2016 after the Uri attack

The development of this missile began in 2006 under the US-India Joint Defence Initiative. The missile is powered by an advanced liquid fuelled engine. The propulsion system consists of two chambers, one each for oxidizer and fuel. Liquid propulsion offers a better thrust/weight ratio compared to solid propellants used in missiles with similar size and range. India Missile Technology 

Prithvi Missile

India Missile Technology Prithvi is a short-range ballistic missile developed by DRDO. The missile has a range of 150 km and can carry conventional or nuclear warheads. It was first tested in 1988. Prithvi can be launched from submarines, ships and aircraft. It has been successfully deployed by the Indian Army against Pakistani targets during the Kargil War of 1999 (Operation Parakram). India Missile Technology 

Harmashirsha Missile

India Missile Technology Harmashirsha is a hypersonic missile developed by DRDO to carry nuclear warheads. It can travel at an altitude of up to 10 km and has a range of 3,500-4,000 km. The missile uses solid fuel for propulsion, which makes it easy to maintain in storage and reduce production cost. The latest version of Harmashirsha (HAR) has been designed with advanced technologies like stealthy shaping techniques and electronic systems for enhanced performance during its flight path through hostile airspace. India Missile Technology 

Akash Missile

India Missile Technology Akash is a medium-range surface-to-air missile (MRSAM) system developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the Indian Army. It was the first test-fired on 15 December 2013 at Chandipur Missile Range in Andhra Pradesh, India. The missile can be launched from land, sea or air and its target can be tracked through advanced radars like AN/TPS-77B Radar and AN/TPS-80 Radar with the C4I system.

The Akash missile has been designed to engage targets up to an altitude of 17 km at a Mach 4 speed range of 300 kmph against fighters like MiG 29, Su 30 MKI etc., helicopters such as HAL Tejas LCA Mk I & II Aircrafts etc., UAVs like Rustom III etc., armoured vehicles such as Arjun MBT Mk II & III Tanks etc., artillery guns such as 155mm howitzers. India Missile Technology 

Trishul Missile

India Missile Technology, Trishul is a short-range surface-to-air missile. It has a range of 20 km and can fly at Mach 2.5 (1,300km/h) with the active radar guidance system.

Trishul is a mobile missile with a range of 20 km that can be launched from any location by an infantry soldier or vehicle driver; there is no need to have an air defence or anti-aircraft unit that can provide protection against enemy attack. Trishul uses infrared homing technology and has an integrated fire control system which enables it to lock onto enemy targets in bad weather conditions or at night when they are not visible on radar screens due to their low-altitude flight path over enemy territory. India Missile Technology 

Nag Missile

The Nag is a surface-to-air missile developed by India. It is a mobile, all-weather, all-terrain, fire-and-forget, point-defence and low-level anti-aircraft weapon system. India Missile Technology Control Regime

The origins of the development of this missile can be traced back to the late 1950s when it was first developed as an air defence system for use against Soviet bombers flying over Indian territory during the Cold War (which lasted from 1947 to 1991).

The project was initiated under Project RAKSHASA of DRDO which also includes the development of other missiles like the Prithvi missile and Trishul missiles etc., but 27 years later only two prototypes were built before being shelved due to lacklustre performance during trials at Chandipur base near Calcutta in 1972 due to structural weaknesses in its propulsion section which caused them not only fail after launch but also explode during flight tests resulting in injuries among personnel involved with these projects including Dr APJ Abdul Kalam himself who lost his eyesight after being hit by debris from one such explosion while inspecting its test results

These are the best Indian indigenous missile technologies.

Surya Kiran


These are the best Indian indigenous missile technologies. These are all nuclear-capable missiles and in service with India’s armed forces.


In this article, we have discussed the missile technologies developed in India by the Defence Research and Development Organisation. These are all indigenously developed missiles. They have proved their worth in wars and peace missions alike, and continue to be one of the country’s most powerful weapons systems.

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